non surgical periodontal therapy review article

All studies included systemically healthy patients, except for 3 studies … In particular, adequate sample size calculation was provided in six out of nine studies in the BP group, in eight out of 12 studies in the statin group, in seven out of 14 studies in the SDD group, in all probiotic and omega‐3 studies, and in 10 out of 12 studies in the “other” group. Hardy JH, Newman HN, Strhan JD. Administration of probiotics conferred limited clinical benefits. McNabb H, Mombelli A, Lang N. Supragingival cleaning 3 times a week. Commentary. The quantification of the heterogeneity was calculated with I2 statistic, which represents the percentage of variation attributable to statistical heterogeneity, and was categorized as low (25%–50%), moderate (51%–75%), or high (>75%) (Higgins, Thompson, Deeks, & Altman, 2003). This report will examine current therapies for nonsurgical periodontal and peri-implant diseases, including oral hygiene measures and behavioral modification, scaling and root planing, adjunctive systemic and local antibiotic therapy, and novel pharmacologic and physical adjunctive treatments. Author: Dr. Sajid. Do Lasers Have an Adjunctive Role in Initial Non-Surgical Periodontal Therapy? This was a randomised control clinical trial at the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya. In another study using a probiotic preparation containing Streptococcus oralis KJ3, Streptococcus uberis KJ2, and Streptococcus rattus JH145 (108 CFU of each strain/tablet) administered for 3 months, no significant improvements compared to placebo were noted (Laleman et al., 2015). Considering the role of the inflammatory host response in the pathogenesis of periodontitis, different host modulators have been proposed to enhance the outcomes of non‐surgical periodontal therapy (NSPT), but their efficacy has not been fully clarified. Ann Periodontol. Overall studies showed a significant improvement in plaque scores after NSPT, but a benefit of using host modulators compared to placebo on improving plaque levels was reported inconsistently and none of the investigated host modulators provided convincing evidence. Methods: An … Does non-surgical periodontal therapy (I) have a dif-ferent outcome in obese chronic periodontitis patients (P), than in non-obese chronic periodontitis patients (C), regarding periodontal pocket depth reduction as the main clinical periodontal parameter (O). The full text of this article hosted at is unavailable due to technical difficulties. The risk of bias was partly heterogeneous, with 7% of the studies considered at high risk due to insufficient reporting of randomization process (namely lack of allocation concealment), 15% due to deviations from the intended interventions (namely lack of an appropriate analysis to estimate the effects of the assigned intervention, such as intention‐to‐treat analysis), 7% due to the appropriateness of outcome measurement, 4% due to missing outcomes, and 2% in the selection of the reported result (i.e. OBJECTIVE The aim of this systematic review was to give the best available evidence on the impact of … Mean prediction intervals and their 95% lower and upper limits were also obtained. Mean probing depth decreased from 3.2 to 1.8 mm, with a mean clinical attachment level gain of 0.6 mm. Although previous systematic reviews on this topic 5,26) were conducted, we … Studies involving <10 patients per group (for systemic host modulators) or <10 sites per group (for locally delivered host modulators) were excluded. Methods: An electronic search of four databases and a hand search of peer‐reviewed journals for relevant articles were conducted. Non Surgical Periodontal Therapy In 2000 A Literature Review, thesis statement of on justificati, how to write a midwife personal statement, watch show my homework In addition, nonsurgical therapy aims to create an environment in which the host can more effectively prevent pathogenic microbial recolonization using personal oral hygiene methods. In two studies from the same group, essential oils were used concomitantly to one‐stage full‐mouth disinfection as mouthwash rinses, to irrigate the pockets and clean the tongue. The effect of root roughness on plaque accumulation and gingival inflammation. In all studies, the gel was injected subgingivally, at the base of the pocket, with a blunt cannula syringe (Table 1). While biofilm formation on the tooth/root surface is required to initiate periodontal inflammation, it is not sufficient to induce a periodontal tissue damage itself. A recent systematic review and meta-analysis evaluating the association between oral hygiene and periodontitis showed that the risk of periodontitis increased by twofold to … Only four studies (Kurian et al., 2018; Pankaj et al., 2018; Pradeep, Patnaik, et al., 2017; Pradeep et al., 2016) used one site per patient, so meta‐analysis is not reported. For all the aforementioned reasons, there is not enough convincing evidence to recommend the use of a systemic medication that needs to be taken regularly and for a long period of time, with the potential risk of having adverse reactions in periodontal patients. Learn more. Learn about our remote access options, Centre for Oral Immunobiology & Regenerative Medicine & Centre for Oral Clinical Research, Barts and The London School of Medicine & Dentistry, Institute of Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), London, UK. Periodontal … Experimental studies of the application of the Er:YAG laser on dental hard substances I. From these studies, as well as from those included in this review, NSAIDs showed limited clinical benefits, but more importantly they carry a significant risk of serious unwanted effects, which precludes their use as a drug treatment for periodontitis. Grey literature was searched in, and was evaluated to identify potential ongoing or already completed RCTs meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Direct irrigation and subgingival plaque. Chamberlain D, Garrett S, Renvert S, Egelberg J. Healing after treatment of periodontal intraosseous defects IV. Clinical, microbiologic, and histologic responses to non‐surgical therapy are evaluated to provide guidelines for expected treatment results. The statistical unit of analysis was the patient for systemic host modulators and mouth rinses, while for obvious reasons, the site was the unit of analysis for locally delivered host modulators in infrabony/furcation defects (topic application). Subject Area: Health Sciences. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. An experimental study in the dog. In order to reduce heterogeneity and to eliminate the bias of a possible “patient effect” on the outcomes, only meta‐analyses of studies reporting outcomes of one site per patient are herein reported. Moderate to severe adult periodontitis (Van der Velden, All teeth (unclear number) /6 sites per tooth; North Carolina periodontal probe, SRP performed on two consecutive days using hand instruments and an ultrasonic scaler under 0.12% CHX irrigation under local anaesthesia. Their long‐term effectiveness and safety need to be confirmed in independent multi‐centred studies. Severe, generalized periodontitis (Armitage, All teeth (unclear number)/6 sites per tooth; UNC‐15 probe, 4 weekly 1‐hr sessions for full mouth supragingival and subgingival debridement using ultrasonic and hand instrumentation. After 6 months, local administration of 1.2% statin gels as adjuncts to NSPT significantly improved PPD reduction (1.83 mm) in infrabony defects and systemic administration of sub‐antimicrobial dose doxycycline (SDD) in addition to NSPT improved PPD reduction of deep pockets. Number of times cited according to CrossRef: Evidence-based, personalised and minimally invasive treatment for periodontitis patients - the new EFP S3-level clinical treatment guidelines. OH instruction including brushing, flossing and inter‐dental brushing was given at baseline and controlled at each session, Placebo twice a day for 3 months (capsules containing inactive filler; i.e. Seventeen studies included only non-smokers and 2 studies , only smokers. … Nikolaos Donos, Professor & Chair Periodontology and Implant Dentistry, Lead Centre for Immunobiology & Regenerative Medicine, Head Centre for Oral Clinical Research, Barts & The London School of Medicine & Dentistry, Institute of Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), Turner Street, London E1 2AD, UK. Cite . Tooth and root surfaces were instrumented under local anaesthesia until they were free of all deposits. Two studies suggested that 1.2% rosuvastatin gel was more effective in PPD reduction than 1.2% atorvastatin gel, both in infrabony defects (3.03 ± 0.43 mm vs. 2.33 ± 0.48 mm at 6 months, respectively) (Pradeep, Garg, et al., 2016) and class II furcation defects (4.33 ± 0.54 mm vs. 3.10 ± 0.75 mm at 9 months, respectively) (Garg & Pradeep, 2017), while one study reported similar PPD improvements when 1.2% atorvastatin and 1.2% simvastatin gel were used (3.37 ± 1.32 mm vs. 3.10 ± 1.55 mm PPD reduction, respectively) (Martande et al., 2017). Dragoo M. A clinical evaluation of hand and ultrasonic instruments on subgingival debridement I. Systemic BPs were only investigated in two studies (Table 1) and, therefore, they were not assessed further by meta‐analysis (Lane et al., 2005; Rocha, Malacara, Sánchez‐Marin, Vazquez de la Torre, & Fajardo, 2004). This systematic review aimed to assess the literature for the effectiveness of different probiotic strains as adjuvants to non-surgical periodontal therapy. Comparison (control group): patients receiving NSPT combined with placebo. Nonsurgical periodontal therapy: A review Hence, combining the biofilm mechanical debridement with host modulators might improve the treatment success of periodontitis. Live and heat-killed Lactobacillus reuteri reduce alveolar bone loss on induced periodontitis in rats. J Clin Periodontol 1982;9:52. Only one study investigated the effect of statins on furcation class II defects (Garg & Pradeep, 2017), which suggested a significant benefit in terms of PPD reduction. Clinical and microbiological features of subjects with adult periodontitis who responded poorly to and root planing. II Effect of citric acid conditioning of the root surface. Calciolari and Bostanci contributed equally to this work. This study was assigned to explore the robustness of observations that periodontal therapy leads to the improvement of glycemic control in diabetic patients. The mean prediction interval ranged from −0.08 to 3.74 mm at 6 months and from 1.16 to 3.34 mm at 9 months. A sensitive strategy was developed aiming to identify all RCTs reporting on the use of host modulators in combination with NSPT in patients with periodontitis. This review aims to highlight concepts relating to nonsurgical and surgical periodontal therapy, which have been learned and unlearned over the past few decades. In incidents of NSPT failure, more than just patient compliance should be considered. Horning GM, Cobb CM, Killoy WJ. Effect of non surgical periodontal therapy on the concentration of volatile sulphur compund in mouth air of group of nigerian young adults. J Periodontol 1981;52:227-42. Keywords: Antibiotics, laser, periodontium, root planing, scaling. Patients’ ethnicity varied among: European descent, Turkish from Aegean region, Japanese, White skin colour, Turkish … An. Although NSPT is effective, it does have … Nonsurgical periodontal therapy (NSPT) is the cornerstone of periodontal therapy and the first recommended approach to the control of periodontal infections. J Clin Periodontol 1985;12:283-93. Numerous investigations support the efficacy of scaling and root planing in the treatment of periodontal disease. Although the mean estimate clearly suggested a benefit in adding statin gel compared to placebo to NSPT, the prediction interval for PPD reduction at 6 months (−0.08 to 3.74 mm) suggests that some level of caution needs to be adopted in terms of efficacy of this host modulator, while the prediction interval at 9 months (1.16–3.34 mm) indicates a more robust outcome. Special Issue: Treatment of Stage I‐III Periodontitis. J Clin Periodontol 1985;12:374-88. Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username. Daily home care and frequent recall are still paramount for long-term success. A number of treatment procedures, such as gingival curettage and aggressive removal of contaminated root cementum, have been unlearned. Materials and method: Electronic databases of PubMed and Cochrane Library were searched from 1992 to 2018. Data on PPD reduction (primary outcome) are herein presented for the different host modulators. A systematic review is a study designed to answer a specific, … Yet, resolution of established inflammation is a natural biological process that takes longer to subside, or may even fail to do so when the inflammation has become chronic (Freire & Van Dyke, 2013). J Clin Dent 2007;18:34-8. de Almeida JM, Theodoro LH, Bosco AF, Nagata MJ, Oshiiwa M, Garcia VG. The study showed that neither the fruit and vegetable (FV) supplementation nor the fruit, vegetable, and berry juice (FV) supplementation improved PPD reduction compared to placebo at 8 months after NSPT. Likewise, studies in infrabony defects (Pradeep, Kanoriya, et al., 2017; Sharma & Pradeep, 2012a, 2012b; Sharma et al., 2017) showed a significantly higher reduction in IBD (ranging from 1.88 to 2.50 mm compared to 0.09 to 0.12 mm) and in %DDR (ranging from 40.4% to 46.1% compared to 1.86% to 2.5%) 6 months after applying local BPs instead of placebo together with NSPT. Considering the limited sample size of the included papers, it was decided to perform meta‐analysis only when ≥5 articles within the same host modulator category and with similar study design were identified for each primary or secondary outcome (Faggion, Wu, Scheidgen, & Tu, 2015). Scientific rationale for the study: While periodontitis is associated with a dysbiotic microbiota, the main determinant of tissue damage is the host inflammatory‐immune response to the microbial challenge. SRP was done with Gracey and McCall curettes and Hirschfield periodontal files (a new kit of scalers every six patients) under anaesthesia within 24 hr, Polish of the treated quadrants with abrasive paste. The evaluation of gingival margin position (GMP) plays a vital role in periodontal therapy and is critical in esthetic/plastic surgical procedures revolving around restorative dentistry. The addition of azithromycin did not enhance improvement seen in both groups for attachment gain, depth reduction, and reduction of bleeding on probing. Overall, while GCF volume decreased from baseline to 6 months in both placebo and SDD group, inter‐group differences were not statistically significant (Emingil et al., 2004, 2006, 2019; Emingil, Atilla, Sorsa, & Tervahartiala, 2008; Emingil, Gürkan, Atilla, & Kantarci, 2011; Golub et al., 2001; Gürkan, Cinarcik, & Hüseyinov, 2005; Lee et al., 2004). For locally delivered modulators, most of the studies considered only one site per patient. Lasers Surg Med 1989;9:338-44. Conversely, two other studies where NSPT was combined with a probiotic preparation containing Lactobacillus reuteri administered twice a day for 3 weeks (İnce et al., 2015; Tekce et al., 2015) showed improved clinical outcomes compared to placebo at up to 12 months of follow‐up. Two studies assessed local statins in multiple sites per patient and, therefore, they were not considered in the aforementioned meta‐analysis (Priyanka et al., 2017; Rao, Pradeep, Bajaj, et al., 2013). It would be also worthy to explore the potential benefit of host modulators combined with surgical therapy of periodontitis (combined with grafts or delivered locally into the defect or systemically administered), as few studies reported promising results (Golub, Ciancio, Ramamamurthy, Leung, & McNamara, 1990; Kanoriya, Pradeep, Garg, & Singhal, 2017; Naineni et al., 2016). OH instruction was given at each session, 20 mg doxycycline hyclate twice a day for 6 months, Placebo twice a day for 6 months (no details on preparation methods and composition), Periodontitis (CAL and PPD 5–9 mm and BOP in two sites in each of two quadrants, SRP performed until the crown and root surfaces were visually and/or tactilely free of all deposits with a time allowance of up to 1 hr per quadrant. In case of missing or incomplete data and absence of further clarification by study authors, the study was excluded from the analysis. However, the adjunctive use of azithromycin … Cobb CM. As such, we cannot make conclusions if the type of NSPT provided any impact on the outcomes assessed. 15. Relative effects of plaque control and instrumentation on the clinical parameters of human periodontal disease. There was no limit to time for debridement during the 4 hr of available appointment time. More recently, a cyclic regimen with 50 mg diclofenac potassium (2 months followed by 2 months wash‐out and then two more months of treatment) compared to placebo significantly enhanced PPD reduction at 6 months (Oduncuoglu et al., 2018). Recent evidence suggests that periodontitis‐associated communities are “inflammophilic” and that inflammation can drive the selection and enrichment of these pathogenic communities (Hajishengallis, 2014). Proye M, Caton J, Polson A. IV generation: Probiotics are incorporated in mouthwashes. Georgios N. Belibasakis, Head of Division of Oral Diseases, Head of Section of Periodontology and Dental Prevention, Head of Section of Cariology and Endodontics, Department of Dental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Alfred Nobels allé 8, SE 141 04 Huddinge, Sweden. In class II furcation defects, subgingival delivery at the base of the pocket of aloe gel compared to placebo gel significantly improved PPD reduction (2.43 vs. 1.86 mm) at 12 months (Ipshita et al., 2018). The studies on non-surgical periodontal treatment included between 38 and 99 patients and those on surgical periodontal treatment included between 15 and 110 patients, diagnosed with chronic periodontitis. Participants received periodontal treatment with non-surgical therapy, such as scaling and root planing, or surgical therapies, such as flap procedure and periodontal plastic surgery. Former smokers: 2 in SDD group and 3 in Placebo group. Magnusson I, Lindhe J, Yoneyama T, Liljenberg B. Recolonization of a subgingival microbiota following scaling in deep pockets. Teeth were scaled supra and subgingivally and polished at baseline and at all recall appointments and OH was reinforced, Placebo twice a day for 9 months (no details on preparation methods and composition), All smokers (at least 10 cigarettes a day), Chronic periodontitis, at least 16 teeth, at least two teeth with PPD ≥ 6 mm and at least 30% bone loss in at least two quadrants, Teeth with PPD ≥ 5 mm at baseline (unclear number); UNC‐15 probe. Full mouth SRP under local anaesthesia, one quadrant per visit. Tanwar, et al. The use of non‐antibiotic, anti‐collagenolytic properties of tetracyclines (particularly doxycycline) dates back to more than 25 years ago (Golub et al., 1983; Golub, Suomalainen, & Sorsa, 1992) and these were the first agents introduced as host‐modulating drugs, not only for periodontitis but also for other collagenolytic diseases (Gu, Walker, Ryan, Payne, & Golub, 2012). Chen TL, Lin SL, Liu GQ, Liu JC, Song PZ, Xu B. Andersen R, Loebel N, Hammond D, Wilson M. Treatment of periodontal disease by photodisinfection compared to scaling and root planing. The focus question of this systematic review was: “In patients with periodontitis, what is the efficacy of adding host‐modulating agents instead of placebo to NSPT in terms of probing pocket depth (PPD) reduction?”. ABSTRACT. Small‐study effects, as proxy for publication bias, were assessed by testing for funnel plot asymmetry and by calculating Egger's bias, as described in the Cochrane Handbook (Higgins & Green, 2011). Potential biases will need to be confirmed in a larger number of studies. The present study aimed at investigating whether non-surgical periodontal treatment can reduce the Haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) % level in type 2 diabetic patients. In all studies, the bisphosphonate gel was injected at the base of the pocket (infrabony defect or furcation defect) using a syringe with a blunt cannula. and One Non-Surgical Therapy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis James Mailoa,* Guo-Hao Lin,* Vahid Khoshkam,† Mark MacEachern,‡ Hsun-Liang Chan,* and Hom-Lay Wang* Background: The aim of this systematic review is to eval-uate the long term (‡2 years) effect of four surgical and non-surgical therapies in treating periodontal disease. Industry provided alendronate and aloe vera, Chronic periodontitis patients having at least one intrabony defect with PPDs ≥ 5 mm or CAL ≥ 4 mm. pmid:24460795. This review showed a great heterogeneity on the type of bleeding scores used, which did not allow to make relevant comparisons. Up to four visits (total 4 hr) of OH instructions and SRP of all supragingival and subgingival using both hand and ultrasonic instruments and local anaesthetic as needed. The effect of professional tooth cleaning or non-surgical periodontal therapy on oral halitosis in patients with periodontal diseases. Pihlstrom B, Oritz-Campos C, McHugh R. Randomized four-year study of periodontal therapy. Rationale for non-surgical periodontal treatment. In 30 patients receiving NSPT, particularly in ≥7 mm pockets: Dr. Balaji Dr.. A clear growth tendency, increasing by 57.3 % from 1990 to 2010 SDD for deep pockets confer! Other secondary outcomes, whenever applicable study authors, the random‐effect model was applied meta‐analysis conducted! Stem Cells in periodontitis patients to 3.74 mm at 9 months deep.... ), Academic/University and deep pockets may confer additional clinical benefits to NSPT seem to improve bleeding scores,. Reported in Appendix S37 non surgical periodontal therapy review article considered mechanic therapy and cause-related periodontal therapy 1 hygiene should be recommended based the... 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On infrabony defects at 6 months combined with NSPT pockets after a single episode of root roughness plaque... Were available ( Table 1 ) hygiene and mechanical instrumentation to establish and periodontal! Theodoro LH, Bosco AF, Nagata MJ, Oshiiwa M, Lehmann B at 6 months combined placebo.
non surgical periodontal therapy review article 2021